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tv   BBC World News America  WHUT  November 23, 2011 6:30pm-7:00pm EST

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> of violence rages on the streets of cairo, where critics are angry about the economy and otherhings. >> they show no desire to leave. >> embarrassment in bahrain. the kingdom is accused of torture and sham justice, and her beautiful images captured narc times. the depression coming into focus one -- captured in dark times.
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a depression coming into focus and with one photographer. welcome to our viewers on pbs and around the world. we begin with cairo, where massive protests have become violent today. police fired tear gas on protesters. while it is not clear how much of domestic support protesters have, international criticism of military rulers is growing. >> the street runs down from tahrir, the front line. the fight is with those with long experience of taking on the
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belize. -- a police. the gas keeps them back from the interior ministry, which is a symbol of the way the old regime was. life has not offered these young men many favors. this is not about the politics of next week's elections. the gas slows them but does not stop them because of rage against a system they believe was built to benefit others. >> rioters have got control of a good chunk of the city's center, and they've shown no desire to leave. i cannot see a political deal, so we will get them out of here quickly. >> he said these are wounds from police shotguns, and he was proud of them. here on the streets, some of the young, poor, and angry
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increasingly see egypt's western ally as enemies. >> we were marched out, one man threatened. it if anyone
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>> negotiating our way out of this will be very hard. the demonstrators attacked members of egypt's most popular party for being too close to the military. they want the generals out of power, but they do not want to go. the result is more violence. taxidermy is reporting from a clearly unsettled cairo. for more on the scene, i spoke
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with someone of just a short time ago. >> they report the situation is tense and volatile tonight. there are protesters moving in and out of the square. of course he indicated he does not want to hold onto power, but they see themselves as the guardians of this protest. the word we are getting is they are not going to leave the square. there is some sentiment criticizing the united states because of growing concern about the tear gas be used by the police against protesters.
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there is a constant stream of people injured going into the fields and behind me the tents that have been erected in the middle of the square. it is written, made in the u.s.a., and people are asking what kind of tear gas could cause so much harm? how much popular support to protesters have this time? >> it is hard to establish if there is any certainty what the square represents, but i can say we were outside today, and we went to some of the busy cairo neighborhoods, including working class neighborhoods, and everyone we spoke to said they were not sure why protesters were still there. they also expressed frustration and a bit of anger that business
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is really bad, tourists were not coming. they want to move forward, and they are not sure what was happening here and is helping. i think this is a divided nation. there is a clarity of purpose of demonstrators, but this is a nation of 18 million people across the country, and they have all been caught up in this, and they do not seem to have a common vision on how to move forward now. >> thanks very much. it is a confused picture with conflicting demands. in bahrain the government has been accused of using excessive force against protesters.
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>> it looked a little like they were receiving an award, but the words inside this 500 page tome d.r. explosives. region are explosive. they stand accused of overseeing systematic human rights abuses. the king himself puts a brave face on it. "if we take to heart the findings of this, we can make this one that will be remembered in the history of the nation. standing next to him is his uncle, bahrain's prime minister for the last 41 years. will he now go? this report will be extremely uncomfortable for the king and his government. he finds the government not
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guilty of a series of abuses including forced confession, unfair trials, and failure of senior officials to hold those responsible for abuses to account. the man who led the investigation says the senior ministers must be punished. >> in the interest of the national security, there is no doubt there has to be senior people involved. there is just too much that has taken place for too long for senior persons to say this. >> today is gone, but the site remains ringed by barbed wire. the regime is very nervous about its shiite majority.
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the teacher was torture, forced to confess, and sent to prison for a crime she did not commit. she is waiting for the king to give her justice. >> i am not optimistic. when we see what is going on, i cannot see. >> the choice is to change or reject it and face more conflict. >> an unusually frank investigation in bahrain. in yemen, the president signed an agreement ending his 33 years in power after a long-running uprising to oust him. the saudi arabian president
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signed a proposal drafted by neighbors which calls for a power transfer to the vice president in 30 days and early presidential elections within 90 days. within a week of growing uncertainty throughout the arab world, few countries are being watched more closely than syria. according to activists, government security forces killed at least six people, but despite the increased sustained violence and pressure to step down, what more can the opposition do? the former ambassador to morocco recently met with opponents, and he started by describing what he heard on his trip. >> we believe at this point syria has reached a tipping point. throughout months of turmoil,
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there was an uncertainty of how much the regime would be able to survive. the leaders are of the view that his days are numbered, because they believe that between the defections with the military and their growing support with the turkish government is more increasingly likely the regime will find it almost impossible to maintain equilibrium it has maintained. >> we gets a little out of syria, because they are foreign journalists there. what was your impression? are they organized? do they make a credible opposition force? >> the problem is there were those who were indigenous citizens and those who were outsiders. that is a similar situation we have right now with the syrian national council. they are divided between those
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actually from syria or those who have made it across the border, and those from the syrian diaspora who have a more passive view of the use of violence necessary to bring the end of the regime. >> turkey is playing an increasingly critical role of the president. why is turkey taking on this position? >> many reasons. from a personal perspective, the prime minister and his party want to be seen as the vanguard of arab revolution, and turkeys entire foreign policy is to be seen as supporting the aspirations of democratic people in the middle east. that is what he is preaching at home and in the region. i think he invested so much, hoping he would be able to wean the syrians away and make syria
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more of a state for trade publicly. he is deeply offended by the way they have treated turkey. >> just over a month after gaddafi's death, the search is on for justice. he said to libyans if they show they can carry out a genuine investigation, they can put colonel gaddafi's son on trial. >> maris was brought to the site of one of the worst war crimes to take place in tripoli. 106 people were killed in this warehouse, which is being used
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as a makeshift detention center. pro-gaddafi's forces threw grenades in and finished off with bullets. he explains how he escaped while they were real loading rifles. he says it was colonel gaddafi's som responsible, but he blames all the families, and he wants punishment by execution. the international chief is in tripoli. we asked if fair trials were conducted. >> there are different ways to do it. there are documents of evidence,
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so that is the problem. embarrassingt be if there was a trial that ended in the death penalty not seen by human rights groups to be fair? >> the issue is for everyone, so yes, if they take the case they have huge responsibility. >> it will be a long time before anyone is brought to justice for what happened here or anywhere else in libya. the atrocities that took place is still under investigation. >> still to come, gunning to be the next commander in chief. the republicans face off on national security. we will investigate what foreign policy could mean. last night millions watched as
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an iraq war veteran who was badly disfigured in a land mine explosion became the surprise winner of "dancing with the stars." he was barely known at the start of the series, but he beat off the challenge by a stream of famous celebrities to go home with a trophy. he paid tribute to those serving in iraq and afghanistan. >> you may not know the name, but martina's is a winner like no other. he captured the hearts of america's television public. >> thank you for believing in us. >> the real challenge was believing in himself. he was a challenging high school footballer before adjourning the army in 2002.
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less than a month into deployment he was driving a humvee that hit a landmine. half of his body was severely burned. >> i started to cry for a week after. i hardly spoke. there were a lot of tears. today, is martina'ez partially restored by surgery. the judges like his footwork. viewers like his zest for life. he saluted those still at war. >> they never made it home. those that are wounded and fighting are trying to figure out a way to live their lives. >> this celebrity survivor plans to write his life story.
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>> next year we will finally have an answer as to who will be the next president of the united states, but last night the republican candidates faced off once again. the dancers could give of view of what their foreign policy could bee. i spoke to them a short time ago. it was a different issue that has taken over this morning. >> it is one of the hot button issues. some people estimate 16 million in the united states. newt gingrich may make a distinction, but going for a more liberal position.
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>> you have three kids and two grand kids. you belong to a local church. >> you are talking about legalizing them, but it is a fine distinction. what is interesting is no one has concentrated on him because he was not a front runner. he appears to be going for a general election. >> what about issues on national security. we tend to think of the republican party as homogenous, but that was not the case last night. >> it is not the case, and that is why it is an interesting debate. the consensus that 9-11 is breaking up, and we are seeing some of the older attitudes.
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some are more isolationist and others who want america to have a big role in the world, so debates about what you do with iran, pakistan, and what you do with troops in afghanistan. >> we have not done a good job of defining and articulating what the end point is in afghanistan. i think the american people are very tired about where we find ourselves today. >> let me respond. are you suggesting we should take our troops out next week? >> i said we should draw down from 100,000. we do not need 100,000 troops. >> all of the other debates walked away, but he did not on this one. >> you have a picture of who is going to be the front-runner in this race? >>cain and perry were put that
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it. i think they will slide in the polls. it is still not clear. >> how much of a role foreign- policy is going to play. now for a photographer who decades after her work was shot got a new turn in the spotlight. she was and lows of pioneer of her heart and currently has region was a pioneer of her art and currently has an exhibition here in washington, d.c. >> we were given the first opportunity to go to puerto rico in 1997. i tried to expose this, and it was also the first attempt to see how she could make a contribution.
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they leave the island in 1938 and come back to the united states and have this foray in washington. >> louise went up and down the block in her neighborhood, taking photographs of people and all kinds of things that were ordinary scenes. >> a colorful picture that captures things. what is going on in that picture? these are photographs made in color the police beat to the world war ii experience. it shows him holdingck stiass y ifhere rifles.
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one of the more interesting pictures shows a group of young african-american boys playing football. what is goingre on in her mind? this is an opportunity where african-americans are taking center stage. reason i have been asked to -- to come back. they're excited to come back, because they feel they did not complete their work. we have an iconic image of a woman. we see she is waiting to find out if she can build a home.
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this was puerto rico in 1953. i never felt so connected to a cause. i never felt there photography was being used in such a positive way. i want to point out the artistic composition or the fact that he had artistic training and paris. >> from another age and speaking so clearly today. that brings us to the end. another quick programming note. we will have full coverage of the latest developments. i will be back. until then, thank you so much for watching.
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for those of you in the united states, have a happy thanksgiving. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank.
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